When a person has a problem, he tries to solve it by himself. When that fails, he then seeks the help of family and friends and when that fails, he seeks the help of someone from within the community and when that fails, then and only then does he seek the help of Allah.
. According to Abu Dharr, the Prophet, may Allah give him blessings and peace, said, reporting the words of Allah, ever praised and exalted is He:
O My servants, I have forbidden injustice to Myself and I have made it forbidden amongst you. So be not unjust to one another. O My servants, all of you go astray except the one whom I guide. Ask guidance of Me, and I shall guide you. O My servants, all of you go hungry except the one whom I feed. Ask Me for food, and I shall feed you. O My servants, all of you go naked except the one whom I clothe. Ask Me for clothing, and I shall clothe you. O My servants, you transgress by day and night, but I forgive all misdeeds. Ask forgiveness of Me, and I shall forgive you. O My servants, harming Me is beyond you, so you cannot harm Me; and benefiting Me is beyond you, so you cannot benefit Me. O My servants, if all of you - first and last, man and jinn - were like the one among you with the most devout heart, that would add nothing to My kingdom. O My servants, if all of you – first and last, man and jinn – were like the one among you with the most ungodly heart, that would take nothing away from My kingdom. O My servants, if all of you – first and last, man and jinn – were to stand on the same level and address Me with your requests, and if I were to give each one what he had requested, that would not diminish what is with Me, any more than a needle diminishes the sea when it enters it.
O My servants, it is solely your deeds that I take account of, and it is by virtue of them that I will repay you. So let him who finds good, praise God, and let him who finds other than that, hold none but himself to blame.
Quran-(2:2.68)- Satan promises you poverty and enjoins you to indecency, but God promises you His pardon, and His bounty; and God is Embracing, Knowing
Al-Qushayri's commentary on the above verse:
Satan promises poverty because of his poverty. God promises forgiveness because of His generosity. Satan promises you poverty and points you towards holding on to what is known. It is said he points you, in yielding to him, to greed and there is no poverty worse than that. Satan promises you poverty by handing you over to your self-directing (tadbīr) and self-choosing (ikhtiyār). Satan promises you poverty in forgetting what you have become accustomed to from His bounty. It is said he promises you poverty in that he does not let your complaints cease. It is said he promises you poverty in attaching your heart to what it doesn’t need. It is said [he promises you poverty] by deceiving you from seeing that He is sufficient He enjoins you to indecency, i.e. desire for the present world. It is said [He enjoins you to indecency] by the bonds that strengthen greed. It is said [He enjoins you to indecency] by multiplying expectations and forgetting contentment. It is said [He enjoins you to indecency] by looking to something other than Him and in allowing anything to enter the mind except Him. It is said [He enjoins you to indecency] by going backwards to the familiar territories of permissiveness and interpretative license after the truth has become clear. It is said [He enjoins you to indecency] by returning to what you had abandoned for Allah
But Allah promises you His pardon, and His bounty: The bounty promised in the here and now is contentment. In the future it is the reward, the Garden, the vision, the good pleasure, pardon and forgiveness. It is said it is victory in the here and now over the lower self. It is said it is the opening of the door of mystical knowing, the spreading of the carpet of forgiveness, and receiving the unveilings of intimacy.
Surat al-Fåtiha-The Opening Chapter An interpretation by Shaikh Abd al-Qådir al-Jailåni (may Allåh be well pleased with him)
Bismi’llåhir • What it signifies relates to the Singular Essence, with respect to its renunciation of that degree, since it is absolutely impossible to express it with respect to that degree, and consideration of its entirety and its comprehensiveness includes all the Divine Names and attributes, on which all the phenomena are based, as viewed by the masters of disclosure with the firm eyes, and in the language of the Sacred Law with the Preserved Tablet and the Clear Book. Ar-Rahmåni • What it signifies relates to the Singular Essence with respect to its revelations on the surfaces of the beings and their stages of evolution in the garments of necessity and possibility, and their descents from the singular degree to the degrees of normality and their particularities in intellectual and corporeal identifications, and their dyeing with the existential dyes. Ar-Rahim • What it signifies relates to the Singular Essence with respect to its affirmation of Oneness after its affirmation of multiplicity, and its integration after its separation, and its concealment after its propagation, and its raising after its lowering, and its divestment after its fettering. Al-Hamdu• [Praise and comprehensive laudation] for all the encomiums and eulogies emanating from the tongues of the fragrances of the beings turning toward their Creator obediently, confessing gratitude for their Benefactor immediately and in speech,always and forever firmly consistent. Li’llåhi• [Praise be to Allåh], that is to say, to the Essence embracing all the Names and attributes appearing adorable for the worlds and what they contain in their entirety because of His being • Rabbi ’l-ålamina• And but for His training them and His providing for them for a moment, the universe would cease to exist all at once. Ar-Rahmåni • The Initiator, the Originator [of the Universe] in the first genesis by the spreading of the shades of His beautiful Names and His lofty attributes over the mirror of nonexistence, from which is reflected the whole universe and it part, its visibility and its invisibility, its first and its last and its parts without disharmony. Ar-Rahim • The Restorer of everything in the final formation, by folding the heaven of the Names and the earth of lower nature into the source of its origin and the termination of its being. Måliki yawmi ’d-dini• Master of the Day of Reckoning and the parts named in the Sacred Law as the Day of Resurrection and the Great Calamity, in which the earth are crushed, in which the first and last records in the earth are folded up.That is because in them are convulsed the opinions and thoughts, the veils and the curtains are removed, and the notables of equality and the strangers disappear, and nothing remains except Allåh, the One, the Almighty. Then, when the servant is confirmed in this position and achieves this aspiration, and he entrusts all affairs to the Sovereign, the All-Knowing, the All-Holy, the Source of Peace, he is entitled to adhere to his Lord and converse with Him without any curtain and without any barrier, perfecting the degree of worshipful servitude to the point where the letter kåf of the speech is removed from discord, and the ghain is uncovered from the ain , and thereupon the tongue utters his speech in conformity with the language of his condition. Iyyå-ka • You alone [do we worship], not anyone other than You, since there is none other in existence together with You. Na budu • [we worship], we turn and implore You in the manner of humility and submission, since we have no object of worship apart from You, and no goal except You. wa iyyå-ka nastain• That is to say, we do not seek help and enablement on the basis of worship for You, except from You, since we have no recourse other than You.
ihdi-na• [Guide us] with Your kindness • ’S-siråta ’l-mustaqim. • [In the straight path], which will bring us to the summit of the affirmation of Your Oneness.• SiråTa ’lladhina an amta alai-him • [The path of those whom You have blessed] such as the Prophets, the Champions of Truth, the martyrs and the righteous,and excellent are those as companions! Ghairi ’l-maghdubi alai-him • [not of those who earn Your wrath], such as the hesitators , the doubters, the deserters following the mind troubled with illusion about the clear path,• Wa la’daal liin• [nor of those who go astray] because of the delusions of this base world and the enticements of the devils from the road of the truth and the procedure of certainty.
Amen, so be it as a response from You, O Most Merciful of the merciful!
The conclusion of the Surah
It is incumbent upon you, O Muslim directed toward affirmation of the Oneness of the Essence, may Allåh ease your business, to contemplate in the seven oceans, the content of these seven sections in the mighty Qurån, divided according to the seven essential Divine attributes, corresponding to the seven heavens and the seven cosmic stars, and to arrange in them the truth of the arrangement, and to distinguish what is represented by them. You should escape from the seven infernal valleys hindering the attainment of the Garden of the Essence, destructive of all the additions and abundances beside it, and this contemplation and arrangement will not be made easy for you, except after your evident characterization by the Prophetic laws, the Mustafan rules derived from the Qurånic words, and your inner being by means of his resolutions and his ethics (Allåh bless him and give him peace) adopted from their wise judgments lodged within them, for the comprehensive Qurån conveys the character of the Prophet (Allåh bless him and give him peace) both outwardly and inwardly, bequeating to him from his Lord what is appointed to him.
. According to Abu Umåma, the Prophet, may Allah give him blessings and peace, said: Allah, ever mighty and majestic is He, says: “Among My Friends, the one to be envied most, in My eyes, is the believer who has but little means and whose fortune is prayer, who worships his Lord in the best of modes, obeying Him in secret and in public. He is unnoticed among men; they do not point him out with their fingers. His livelihood is just and sufficient, and he accepts that with patience.” Then the Prophet, may Allah give him blessings and peace, snapped his fingers and said: His death is hastened, his mourners few, his estate of little worth.
. According to Abu Hurayra, the Messenger of Allah, may Allah give him blessings and peace, said: When God created the Garden of Paradise and the Fire of Hell,he sent Gabriel to the Garden. He said: “Look upon it, and upon what I have made ready for its inhabitants.” So he went there and looked at what Allah had prepared for its inhabitants. When he returned, Gabriel declared: “By Your Might,anyone who hears of it will surely enter it!” So God ordered Paradise to be veiled with unpleasant and hateful things, and said: “Return now and look upon what I have prepared for its occupants.” Gabriel returned to it, and beheld how it was veiled with hateful things. Then he came back to Him and declared: “By Your Might, I fear now that no-one will enter it!” Then He said: “Go now to the Fire. Look upon it and upon what I have made ready for its inhabitants.” When he went there, Gabriel looked at it and at what had been prepared for its inhabitants. He saw how it was all piled up in layers, one on top of another. When he returned, Gabriel declared: “By Your Might, no-one who hears of it will enter it.” So Allah ordered the Fire to be encircled by pleasing and desirable things, and said: “Return now and look upon what I have prepared for its occupants.” Gabriel returned there and beheld how it was encircled by desires. Then he came back to Him and declared: “By Your Might, I fear now that no-one will be saved from entering it.”
. It is reported that Allah, ever mighty and majestic is he, said to Prophet Adam, may Allah's peace be upon him, “ O Adam, if you busy yourself with this world, then I will keep you busy with it.”
. According to Anas, the Prophet, may Allah give him blessings and peace, said: Allah shall say to one of the People of the Fire who is enduring the lightest of punishments: “If you possessed everything on earth, would you then redeem yourself with it?” To which he will reply: “Yes, I would.” Then Allah will say: “I asked of you something easier than that, when you were still in the loins of Adam: that you should not associate anything with Me. Yet you refused to do anything else but associate.”
. According to Ali¨ ibn Abu tålib, the Messenger of Allah, may Allah give him blessings and peace, said: Allah, ever mighty and majestic is He, says: “He who hopes for other than Me does not know Me. “He who does not know Me does not worship Me. “He who does not worship Me has incurred My displeasure. “He who fears other than Me, My Vengeance befalls him.”
. According to Abdallåh ibn Umar, the Prophet, may Allah give him blessings and peace, said: Your Lord, ever mighty and majestic is He, says: “I shall not bring two fears together upon a servant, nor shall I bring together two securities upon him. If he fears Me in this world, he shall have no fear in the Other; and if he feels secure from Me in this world, then he shall have no security in the Other.”
Some useful quotes by Abu Bakr, may Allah be pleased with him.
. Allah will help him who moves in the way of Allah. . It is a matter of shame that in the morning the birds should be awake earlier than you. . Death is easier to bear (than) that which precedes it, and more severe than that which comes after it. Remember the death of the Apostle of Allah, and your sorrow will be lessened. . Be good to others, that will protect you against evil. . O man you are busy working for the world, and the world is busy trying to turn you out. . Do not follow vain desires; for verily he who prospers is preserved from lust, greed and anger. . He who avoids complaint invites happiness. . The greatest truth is honesty, and the greatest falsehood is dishonesty. . If you expect the blessings of Allah, be kind to His people. . To fight against the infidels is Jihad; but to fight against your evil self is the greater Jihad. . Follow the way of life, which the Holy Prophet has shown you, for verily that is the right path. . Run away from greatness and greatness will follow you. . Our abode in this world is transitory, our life therein is but a loan, our breaths are numbered and our indolence is manifest. . Cursed is the man who dies, but the evil done by him survives. . If an ignorant person is attracted by the things of the world, that is bad. But if a learned person is thus attracted, it is worse. . If you want to control other people, first control yourself. . It is bad for a young man to sin; but it is worse for an old man to sin. . You should not quarrel with your neighbour, for he will remain where he is, but your high handedness will become the talk of the people. . Maybe a thing that you do not like is really in your interest. It is possible that a thing that you may desire may be against your interest. . Have an earnestness for death and you will have life. . Pride in the case of a rich man is bad, but pride in the case of a poor man is worse.
After Abu Bakr, may Allah be pleased with him, made the ruling that a prophet has no heirs, some bedouins decided to make their claim on the prophet's, may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, wealth. So they approached Abu Bakr, may Allah be pleased upon him, who directed them to go to a certain mosque where the people were sharing the wealth.Upon reaching the mosque, the bedouins saw a group of people praying.Disappointed that the prophet's,peace and blessings be upon him, wealth had been distributed, they returned to Abu Bakr, may Allah be pleased with him, who said to them:" What you saw the people doing was sharing in the messenger's wealth, all the messenger, peace and blessings be upon him, left us was prayers."
ON THE BEGINNING OF CREATION BY SHAYKH ABDUL QADIR JILANI, May ALLAH'S MERCY BE UPON HIM
May Allah accord you success in acts which please Him and meet with His approval. Think, impress upon your mind and understand what I say.Allah Most High first created, from the divine light of His own Beauty, the light of Muhammad He declares this in a divine tradition related from Him by the Prophet,peace and blessings be upon him. I have created the soul of Muhammad from the light of my Manifestation (wajh). This is declared by our Master the Messenger of Allah in his words, ‘Allah first created my soul. He first created it as a divine light;’ ‘Allah created the Pen first;’ ‘Allah first created the Intellect.’What is meant by all that is mentioned as having been created first is the creation of the truth of Muhammad, the hidden reality of Muhammad He is also [like his Lord] called by many beautiful names. He is called the Divine Light, because he was purified of the darkness hidden under the attribute of the might and wrath ( jalal ) of Allah. Allah Most High says in His Holy Qur’an: There has come to you from Allah a light and a perspicuous Book. (Sura Ma’idah, 15) He is called the Total Intellect (aql al-kull) because he saw and understood everything. He is called the Pen (al-qalam) because he spread wisdom and knowledge, and he poured knowledge into the realm of letters. The soul of Muhammad is the essence of all beings, the beginning and the reality of the universe. He indicates this with the words, ‘I am from Allah and the believers are from me’. Allah Most High created all souls from his soul in the realm of the first created beings, in the best of forms. ‘Muhammad’ is the name of all humanity in the realm of souls (‘dlam al-aiwdh) . He is the source, the home of each and every thing.Four thousand years after the creation of the light of Muhammad,Allah created the Heavenly Throne (arsh) from the light of the eye of Muhammad. He created the rest of creation from the Heavenly Throne. Then He sent the souls to descend to the lowest levels of creation, to the realm of this material world, to the realm of matter and bodies. Then We make him descend to the lowest of the low. (Sura Tin, 5). He sent that light from where it was created,from the Ultimate Realm (‘Siam al-ldhut) — which is the realm of the manifestation of Allah’s Essence, of unity, of absolute being — to the realm of the divine Names, the manifestation of the divine attributes, the realm of the causal intelligence of the Total Soul. There He dressed the souls in robes of light. These souls are called ‘sultan-souls’. Clothed in light they descended to the realm of the angels. There He clothed them with the brilliant robes of angels, there they were called ‘spiritual souls’. Then He caused them to descend to the world of matter, of water and fire, earth and ether,and they became human souls. Then from this world He created the bodies of flesh. From it We created you and unto to it We shall return you, and from it raise you a second time. (Sura Ta Ha, 55) After these stages, Allah ordered the souls to enter into their bodies, and by His will they entered.So when I have made him complete and breathed into him of My Soul. . . (Sura Sad, 72) A time came when these souls started binding themselves to the flesh and forgot their source and their covenant. They forgot that when Allah created them in the realm of souls He had asked them Am I not your Lord? and they had answered, Indeed! They forgot their promise, they forgot their source, their way to return home; but Allah is merciful, the source of all help and security for His creation. He had mercy upon them, so He sent divine books and messengers to them to remind them of their origin.And certainly We sent Moses with Our messages [saying]: Bring forth the people from darkness into light, and remind them of the days of Allah. . . (Sura Ibrahim, 5) That is, ‘Remind the souls of the days when they were in union with Allah.’Many messengers have come to this world, fulfilled their duties,and passed away. The purpose of all was to bring men the message and awaken people to heedfulness. But people who remembered Him, who turned toward Him, people who wished to return to their divine origin, people who arrived at their origin, became fewer and fewer with time. The prophets kept coming and the divine message continued until there appeared the great spirit of Muhammad,peace and blessings be upon him, the last of the messengers who saved people from distraction. Allah Most High sent him to open the eyes of the hearts of the heedless. His purpose was to awaken them from the sleep of unconsciousness and to unite them with the Eternal Beauty, with the Cause, with the Essence of Allah. Allah says in His Holy Qur’an: Say: This is my way. I call to Allah with the certainty of insight — I am with those who follow me. . . (Sura Yusuf, 108) to indicate the path of our Master the Prophet,peace and blesings be upon him. The Messenger of Allah,peace and blessings be upon him, to indicate our goal to us, says, ‘My companions are like the stars in the sky. Whichever of them you follow, you will find the true path.’ This insight comes from the eye of the soul. This eye opens in the heart’s heart of those who are close to Allah, who are Allah’s friends. All the knowledge in the material world will not provide this insight: one needs a knowledge that comes from the hidden realms, a knowledge which overflows from divine consciousness: . . . whom We had taught knowledge from Our Divine Presence. (Sura Kahf, 65) What is necessary for man is to find those who have insight, whose eyes of the heart are open, and to be inspired by them. Such a teacher who inculcates knowledge into one has to be close to Allah and able to see into the Ultimate Realm. O children of Adam, brothers and sisters, wake up, repent, for through repentance you will be asking your Lord for His wisdom. Make an effort and strive! Allah commands you: And hasten to forgiveness from your Lord, and a Garden as wide as the heavens and the earth; it is prepared for the righteous [who fear and love Allah]: Those who spend in ease as well as in adversity and those who restrain [their] anger and pardon men. And Allah loves the doers of good [to others]. (Sura Al ‘Imran, 133-34) Enter the path, join the spiritual caravan to return to your Lord. Soon the road will become impassable, and no travelling companion will be left. We did not come to this base, mined world to rest; we were not sent here to eat, drink and defecate. The spirit of our Master, the Prophet of Allah, is watching you. He is pained, seeing your state. Who knew what would happen when he said, ‘My pain is for my beloved people who will come in later times’.
IMAM AL-MUHASIBI, MAY ALLAH'S MERCY BE UPON HIM, SAYS:
.ON THE APPETITIVE SELF(AL-NAFS- AL-AMMARA): “Place it where God Almighty placed it as He has described it and withstand it according to His command, for it is a greater enemy to you than Satan (Iblis) himself, and Iblis gains power over you only by means of it and your consent to it. You know to what it calls you and that it was created weak, though its nature is strong in greed and dissimulation, for it is self-confident, self-assertive, disobedient to God, untrustworthy.Its sincerity consists in lying, its claims are based on vanity; all that comes from it is deceitful, nothing that it does is praiseworthy. Be not deluded by the self and its desires, for if you leave it alone, you are led astray, and if you give it what it desires, you will perish. If you neglect to examine it, you will fall under its control, and if you weaken in your struggles against it, you will be overwhelmed, and if you follow it in its desires, you will end up in Hell. The truth is not in it, nor any tendency to good; it is the source of affliction and the origin of all evil and the treasure-house of Iblis. None knows it save its Creator --- what it displays as fear is really self-confidence, and what it displays as sincerity is only falsehood, and its claim to be single-minded in the service of God is pure hypocrisy.”
. “The danger is great and the body is weak, and death is nigh at hand, and the regard of God is upon you, and nothing that you do is hidden from Him, whether it be done openly or in secret. You cannot endure His wrath, and you have no strength to bear His chastisement, and you are unable to dispense with His presence; therefore take care in regard to yourself before the time comes to meet with Him. Fear is indispensable to the heart, but it does not rise up until the desire to sin has wholly died within man, and faith has been established by the intensity of fear. What afflicts the servants of God is their fear of the loss of God’s good pleasure, and His disapproval of them, and this is more to them and more painful to their hearts than the loss of Paradise and the fear of Hell.”
ON SINNING AND THE LIFE OF THIS WORLD:
.“I have found the origin of what is inimical to the spiritual life to come, the most far-reaching of the stratagems of Satan in corrupting the faithful and destroying the sanctions of religion, to be the love of this world and exaltation and glory therein. It is the roof of evil and the chief of sins, and because of it God’s creatures are remiss in what is due to Him, and go astray from His law, and neglect prayer and fasting and the rest of the ordinances, and, through love of wealth and reputation, they are enticed by the seductions of what is unlawful and sinful, and despise much of what is in accordance with the Divine command and purpose. For the sake of this world, they disobey God and fall into mortal sin, and bring themselves to perdition unawares. The Prophet of God, peace and blessings be upon him, warned them of the seductions of this world, for he said: “After my time worldliness shall come upon you, and it shall consume your faith, as fire consumes the fuel.” He also had said: “There is nothing more abhorrent to God, after polytheism, than the love of this world.” “He who loves this world and its pleasures casts out the fear of the next from his heart. While you rejoice in what you gain from this world, you have lost the fear of God Most High. Yes, and perhaps you are so satisfied with your life of worldliness that your care for spiritual things has grown weak, and it may be that the burden of your sins is lighter upon you than your affliction from worldly loss. Yes, and your fear of the diminution of your wealth is twice as great as your fear of committing sin. It may be that you give away to others what you have amassed by unlawful means, in order to obtain exaltation and reputation in this world, and perhaps you are satisfied with the creatures, when God is dissatisfied with them, in order that you may be reckoned good and gain position and advantage.” “You will not attain (to the conquest of sin) except by a sound purpose and a firm Intention to combat desire (your likes and dislikes), and by controlling your inward self(the nafs), for if the servant controls his inward self (the nafs), he dominates his members and has knowledge of his own heart, and self examination(the path of introspection) and other means of opposing the self in what he desires become easy to him, by the leave of God Most High; but if you lose control of your inward self, God’s command will seem hard to you, and your members will go astray and your heart will be lost, and you will not be aware of it, and will find yourself unfit for self-examination. Then keep to what is lawful, control your tongue except in what will aid you in approaching God Most High, guard also your hearing and your sight and consider in what you sin and for what you sin.” “Fear the sins of the heart, and search out its hidden faults and the basic principles of its sins, and the evil of its inmost parts and subtilties of its sensual desires and the secrets of its lusts, then strive to expel what is opposed to the good pleasure of God Most High from your hearts, for when you are delivered from the sins of the heart, then you are saved from the punishment of God Most High.”
.Fight the nafs with the war that is more beneficial for you than any other type of war. .One who does not thank God for a blessing has called for its eradication.